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Homemade Farmer’s Cheese Recipe

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Homemade cottage cheese and wheat on a blue wooden table.

This recipe for homemade Polish cottage cheese from raw milk is so easy, you’ll make it every week! Also known as twarog or ser bialy, it’s used in many popular Polish dishes

What Is Polish Curd Cheese?

Ser bialy cottage farmer cheese.
Ser bialy – Polish cottage farmer cheese

Polish curd cheese is a homemade cottage cheese from raw milk that can be ready in no time (after it has been fermented for a day or two). It’s called twaróg or ser bialy (the white cheese) in Poland. 

What’s The Best Farmer’s Cheese Recipe?

Raw or unpasteurized milk is left out for a day or two till it turns sour. People in Poland love this and drink it plain or with dinner. It’s very healthy!

If it’s not consumed as a healthy drink, the milk is used to make twarog. 

cheese separating from the whye.
Cheese separating from the whey

One traditional method of making homemade farmer’s cheese is to cook the soured milk on a low flame till small jelly-like pieces start to separate and float to the surface.

Cheese being separated from the whey.
Cheese being separated from the whey
Farmer's cheese in a pink bowl.
Farmer’s cheese before being squeezed
Ser bialy Polish cottage farmer cheese.
Ser bialy Polish cottage farmer cheese

Take these pieces out with a spoon and place on a clean kitchen cloth until you have all of them. Squeeze the kitchen cloth till all the liquid is removed and you will be left with the farmer’s cheese or ser bialy.

The liquid that is left is a whey called serwatka. You can use this in the preparation of soup like jarzynowa or krupnik or drink it plain. It’s really healthy!

Why Is Whey And Cottage Cheese From Raw Milk Healthy?

There are so many health benefits to be gained from drinking whey and eating farmer’s cheese. Here are a few of them. 

Farmer’s cheese has a higher concentration of proteins but is lower in calories than other types of cheese. This keeps you feeling satiated for longer periods of time and may hopefully lead to weight loss. 

Cheese is a great source of calcium, protein, and Vitamin B12. So it’s perfect for overall health and building muscle. 

Whey mostly consists of amino acids and micronutrients that are easily absorbed into the body. Whey has also been known to also reduce cholesterol, promote muscle growth, and lowers blood pressure. 

In fact, whey has become so popular with sports and fitness-focused individuals that whey powders and whey drinks are popular in the marketplace.

Yet, you can easily get this liquid as a by-product of the farmer’s cheese that you make at home using raw milk. 

What If I Don’t Have Raw Milk?

If you don’t have raw milk, you can use pasteurized milk to make ser bialy.

You need to bring the milk to an almost-boil and turn off the heat. Then add ⅓ cup of fresh lemon juice or vinegar and a pinch of salt to the milk and stir well.

Wait for about 30 minutes while the farmer’s cheese separates from the whey. Follow the same procedure of straining the cheese with a clean cloth. Then refrigerate the cheese for at least 2 hours before it’s ready to eat.

How Is Homemade Farmers Cheese Consumed?

Many Polish people add some sour cream or Greek yogurt to the farmer’s cheese and season it with salt and pepper. We prefer to eat it with bread or solo.

You can also season ser bialy with paprika and lemon juice and serve with crackers or nachos!

What Is This Homemade Farmers Cheese Used For?

Homemade cottage cheese from raw milk is one of the most popular food items in Poland. You use it to make so many dishes.

Important Tips For Making Polish Curd Cheese

  • The lemon juice or vinegar helps the cheese to curdle faster.
  • You can use the serwatka or whey in soups such as jarzynowa or krupnik or simply drink it.
  • You can buy a cheese cloth (follow the link) if you plan on making farmer’s cheese regularly. 
  • Serve with spring onion sticks or crackers. Or serve plain with toasted bread!
  • Or use it to make the Gzik dip and serve with toasted bread, crackers, or fried vegetables. 
  • This Polish cheese recipe is vegetarian and gluten-free. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Making Cottage Cheese From Raw Milk

Polish cottage cheese with spring onions.
Polish cottage cheese with spring onions

How Long Does The Milk Need To Ferment Before Making Cheese?

The milk is fermented after about 24-48h at room temperature. How to check whether it’s ready to make the farmer’s cheese or not? It should have a jelly-like consistency.

What Can I Use Instead Of Raw Milk?

If you cannot get raw milk, use unpasteurized milk or whole milk to make twarog. Do not use UHT milk!

How To Store Polish Farmer’s Cheese?

Put the twarog cheese in an airtight container or a ziplock freezer bag and store it in the fridge for 4 to 5 days.

You can also store it in the freezer for up to 3 months, but the consistency will change to more crumbly. So this is only recommended if you plan on using it as san ingredient in dishes. 

Homemade Farmer’s Cheese Recipe

Yield: 4 servings

Homemade Farmer's Cheese Recipe

Polish cottage cheese with spring onions.

Twarog or ser bialy is a farmer's cheese used in many popular Polish dishes. This recipe for homemade Polish cottage cheese from raw milk is so easy, you'll make it every week!

Prep Time 10 minutes
Additional Time 2 days
Total Time 2 days 10 minutes


  • 8 cups of raw (unpasteurized) milk
  • 8 cups of boiling hot water


  1. Pour the raw milk into the big pot/jar.
  2. Leave it in a warm place for 48 hours.
  3. After that time, slowly pour the hot water into the pot/jar, stirring carefully.
  4. Cool down.
  5. When the mixture is cold, drain it on the strainer.
  6. The farmer's cheese will be left on the strainer. The remaining water is called whey (serwatka) and it's really healthy to drink.

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Nutrition Information:



Serving Size:


Amount Per Serving: Calories: 68Total Fat: 0gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 19mgCarbohydrates: 0gFiber: 0gSugar: 0gProtein: 0g

These data are indicative and calculated by Nutritionix

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